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ISSN : 1225-0562(Print)
ISSN : 2287-7258(Online)
Korean Journal of Materials Research Vol.29 No.12 pp.747-751

Removal of Rhodamine Dye from Water Using Erbium Oxide Nanoparticles

Hasan M. Luaibi1,Saja S. Al-Taweel2,Tayser Sumer Gaaz3†,Abdul Amir H. Kadhum4,5,Mohd S. Takriff5,Ahmed A. Al-Amiery6†
1 Al-Karkh University of Science, College of Science of Energy and Environment, Baghdad, Iraq
2 University of Al-Qadisiyah, College of Science, Department of Chemistry, Dewaniyah, Iraq
3 Technical College Al-Musaib, Al-Furat Al Awsat Technical University, Al-Musaib, Babil 51009, Iraq
4 University of Al-Ameed, Karbala, Iraq
5 Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor 43600, Malaysia
6 Energy and Renewable Energies Technology Center, University of Technology, Baghdad 10001, Iraq


Environmental pollution remains a considerable health risk source all over the world; however, hazards are usually higher in developing countries. Iraq has long been suffering from the problem of pollution and how to treat pollution. Photocatalytic degradation has turned out to be most productive process for dye degradation. In this investigation, Rhodamine B (RhB), dye has been selected for degradation under visible light illumination. To address this issue, we fabricate erbium trioxide nanoparticles (Er2O3/NPs). Erbium trioxide nanoparticles are prepared and utilized for photo-catalytic degradation. The characterization of Er2O3/NPs is described and confirmed by utilizing of XRD (X-ray diffraction) and SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy). The average size of Er2O3 nanoparticles is observed to be 16.00 nm. Er2O3/NPs is investigated for its ability of photo-catalytic degradation through certain selected parameters such as concentration and time. The methodological results show that the synthesized Er2O3/NPs is a good photo-catalytic for Rhodamine degradation.