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ISSN : 1225-0562(Print)
ISSN : 2287-7258(Online)
Korean Journal of Materials Research Vol.27 No.9 pp.459-465

Fabrication and Characterization of Nano-Sized ZnSe Powders by Hydrothermal Process

Mi-So Kim, Hyun-Seon Hong


Nano-sized Zinc selenide (ZnSe) powder was successfully synthesized using Zn and Se precursors in a hydrothermal process. Temperature for the synthesis was varied from 95 oC to 180 oC to evaluate its influence on the microstructural properties of the synthetic particles. ZnSe powder thus fabricated was characterized using various analytical tools such as SEM, XRD, TEM and UV-Vis methods. Two types of ZnSe particles, that is, the precipitated particle and the colloidal particles, were identified in the analysis. The precipitated particles were around 100 nm in average size, whereas the average size of the colloidal particles was around 20 nm. The precipitated particles made at 150 oC and 180 oC were found to be a single phase of ZnSe; however, an inhomogeneous phase was obtained at the lower synthesis temperature of 95 oC, suggesting that the temperature for the synthesis should be over 100 oC. The precipitated particles were inactive in the UV-Vis absorption investigation, whereas the colloidal particles showed that absorptions occurred at 380 nm in the UV-Vis spectrum.