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ISSN : 1225-0562(Print)
ISSN : 2287-7258(Online)
Korean Journal of Materials Research Vol.23 No.12 pp.708-713
DOI : https://doi.org/10.3740/MRSK.2013.23.12.708

Effect of Microwave Irradiation on Exfoliation of Graphene Oxide

Lee, Jae-Hee, Hwang, Ki-Wan, Jeong, Young-Hoon, Kim, Eui-Tae

Abstract

Graphene oxide has been synthesized by microwave-assisted exfoliation of graphite oxide prepared by modified Hummers method. Graphite was oxidized in a solution of H2O2 and KMnO4 at 65~80˚C, followed by 10 % H2O2 solution treatment at 80~90˚C. The graphite oxide was exfoliated under microwave irradiation of 1 kW and was reduced to graphene effectively by hydrazine hydrate (H4N2·H2O) treatment. The exfoliation of graphene oxide was significantly affected by the microwave irradiation on (heating)/off (cooling) period. An on/off period of 10 s/20 s resulted in much more effective exfoliation than that of 5 s/10 s with the same total treatment time of 10 min. This can be explained by the higher exfoliation temperature of 10 s/20 s. Repetition of the graphite oxidation and exfoliation processes also enhanced the exfoliation of graphene oxide. The thickness of the final graphene products was estimated to be several layers. The D band peaks of the Raman spectra of the final graphene products were quite low, suggesting a high crystal quality.

마이크로파 조사가 산화그래핀의 화학적 박리에 미치는 효과

이재희, 황기완, 정영훈, 김의태

초록