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ISSN : 1225-0562(Print)
ISSN : 2287-7258(Online)
Korean Journal of Materials Research Vol.23 No.11 pp.655-660
DOI : https://doi.org/10.3740/MRSK.2013.23.11.655

ZnO Hierarchical Nanostructures Fabricated by Electrospinning and Hydrothermal Methods for Photoelectrochemical Cell Electrodes

Yi, Hwanpyo, Jung, Hyuck, Kim, Okkil, Kim, Hyojin, Kim, Dojin

Abstract

Photoelectrochemical cells have been used in photolysis of water to generate hydrogen as a clean energy source. A high efficiency electrode for photoelectrochemical cell systems was realized using a ZnO hierarchical nanostructure. A ZnO nanofiber mat structure was fabricated by electrospinning of Zn solution on the substrate, followed by oxidation; on this substrate, hydrothermal synthesis of ZnO nanorods on the ZnO nanofibers was carried out to form a ZnO hierarchical structure. The thickness of the nanofiber mat and the thermal annealing temperature were determined as the parameters for optimization. The morphology of the structures was examined by field-emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction. The performance of the ZnO nanofiber mat and the potential of the ZnO hierarchical structures as photoelectrochemical cell electrodes were evaluated by measurement of the photoelectron conversion efficiencies under UV light. The highest photoconversion efficiency observed was 63 % with a ZnO hierarchical structure annealed at 400˚C in air. The morphology and the crystalline quality of the electrode materials greatly influenced the electrode performance. Therefore, the combination of the two fabrication methods, electrospinning and hydrothermal synthesis, was successfully applied to fabricate a high performance photoelectrochemical cell electrode.

전기방사와 수열합성법으로 제작한 광전화학셀 전극용 나노 계층형 아연산화물 구조 연구

이환표, 정혁, 김옥길, 김효진, 김도진

초록