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ISSN : 1225-0562(Print)
ISSN : 2287-7258(Online)
Korean Journal of Materials Research Vol.22 No.5 pp.220-226
DOI : https://doi.org/10.3740/MRSK.2012.22.5.220

Hydrothermal Synthesis and Structural Characterization of x mol% Calcia-Stabilized ZrO2 Nanopowders

Ryu, Je-Hyeok, Moon, Jung-In, Park, Yeon-Kyung, Song, Jeong-Hwan, Kim, Taik-Nam

Abstract

Pure zirconia and x mol% calcia partially stabilized zirconia (x = 1.5, 3, and 8) nanopowders were synthesized by hydrothermal method with various reaction temperatures for 24 hrs. The precipitated precursor of pure zirconia and x mol% calcia doped zirconia was prepared by adding NH4OH to starting solutions; resulting sample was then put into an autoclave reactor. The optimal experimental conditions, such as reaction temperatures and times and amounts of stabilizer CaO, were carefully studied. The synthesized ZrO2 and x mol% CaO-ZrO2 (x = 1.5, 3, and 8) powders were characterized by XRD, SEM, TG-DTA, and Raman spectroscopy. When the hydrothermal temperature was as low as 160˚C, pure ZrO2 and x mol% CaO-ZrO2 (x = 1.5 and 3) powders were identified as a mixture of monoclinic and tetragonal phases. However, a stable tetragonal phase of zirconia was observed in the 8 mol% calcia doped zirconia nanopowder at hydrothermal temperature above 160˚C. To observe the phase transition, the 3 mol% CaO-ZrO2 and 8 mol% CaO-ZrO2 nanopowders were heat treated from 600 to 1000˚C for 2h. The 3 mol% CaO-ZrO2 heat treated at above 1000˚C was found to undergo a complete phase transition from mixture phase to monoclinic phase. However, the 8 mol% calcia doped zirconia appeared in the stable tetragonal phase after heat treatment. The result of this study therefore should be considered as the preparation of 8 mol% CaO-ZrO2 nanopowders via the hydrothermal method.

x mol% 칼시아-안정화 지르코니아 나노분말의 수열합성 및 구조적 특성평가

류제혁, 문정인, 박연경, 송정환, 김택남

초록