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ISSN : 1225-0562(Print)
ISSN : 2287-7258(Online)
Korean Journal of Materials Research Vol.22 No.4 pp.202-206

Silicide Formation of Atomic Layer Deposition Co Using Ti and Ru Capping Layer

Yoon, Jae-Hong, Lee, Han-Bo-Ram, Gu, Gil-Ho, Park, Chan-Gyung, Kim, Hyung-Jun


CoSi2 was formed through annealing of atomic layer deposition Co thin films. Co ALD was carried out using bis(N,N'-diisopropylacetamidinato) cobalt (Co(iPr-AMD)2) as a precursor and NH3 as a reactant; this reaction produced a highly conformal Co film with low resistivity (50 μΩcm). To prevent oxygen contamination, ex-situ sputtered Ti and in-situ ALD Ru were used as capping layers, and the silicide formation prepared by rapid thermal annealing (RTA) was used for comparison. Ru ALD was carried out with (Dimethylcyclopendienyl)(Ethylcyclopentadienyl) Ruthenium ((DMPD)(EtCp)Ru) and O2 as a precursor and reactant, respectively; the resulting material has good conformality of as much as 90% in structure of high aspect ratio. X-ray diffraction showed that CoSi2 was in a poly-crystalline state and formed at over 800˚C of annealing temperature for both cases. To investigate the as-deposited and annealed sample with each capping layer, high resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) was employed with electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). After annealing, in the case of the Ti capping layer, CoSi2 about 40 nm thick was formed while the SiOx interlayer, which is the native oxide, became thinner due to oxygen scavenging property of Ti. Although Si diffusion toward the outside occurred in the Ru capping layer case, and the Ru layer was not as good as the sputtered Ti layer, in terms of the lack of scavenging oxygen, the Ru layer prepared by the ALD process, with high conformality, acted as a capping layer, resulting in the prevention of oxidation and the formation of CoSi2.

Silicide Formation of Atomic Layer Deposition Co Using Ti and Ru Capping Layer